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Fatty Liver Disease:What it is and what to do about it

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One of the most common diseases in the world is fatty liver disease. Fatty liver is a disease of the 21st century that is caused by the deposition and excessive accumulation of fat in the liver tissue. The first place that blood goes after the digestive process is the liver, and it produces the protein and fat compounds that the body needs to survive. If you do not follow a healthy diet, the liver will turn into a fatty liver.

High levels of sugar and certain types of fats can build up excess fat and damage liver health. Fatty liver is one of the most common liver diseases worldwide, and many people suffer from non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. One of the most important risk factors for this disease is obesity, and diet and exercise are very important for the treatment and prevention of non-alcoholic fatty liver. Obese people with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease can improve their disease by losing 5 to 10 percent of their weight.

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Fatty liver types

There are three types of fatty liver disease: Nonalcoholic (NAFLD), Alcoholic (ALD), and fatty liver of pregnancy (AFLP).


Alcoholic Fatty Liver (ALD)

Alcoholic liver disease is the result of drinking too much alcohol. These conditions are directly related to the amount of alcohol you drink. Your blood is not able to break down alcohol correctly, and this affects the liver.

Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver (NAFLD)

It is one of the most common diseases in the world. The liver weight makes up 5% to 10 % adipose tissue. If adipose tissue is more than 10% of the liver weight, this liver is called fatty liver. In this type of fatty liver, the liver becomes swollen and can lead to liver cirrhosis and increase the risk of liver cancer or heart disease.

Nonalcoholic Steatohepatitis (NASH) is a type of NAFLD. NASH is liver inflammation and damage through fat. This condition can disorder the ability and function of the liver, and it usually leads to liver ulcers.

Acute fatty liver of pregnancy (AFLP)

Acute fatty liver in pregnancy is a serious condition that fat accumulates in the liver, and it makes serious problems for pregnant and baby. This condition becomes more dangerous when they cause liver and kidney failure, and it can also lead to infection or bleeding.

Who is at risk for fatty liver?

Fatty liver is the accumulation of excess fat in the liver. If you are overweight or obese, you are more likely to get it. Diabetes type 2 may also increase your risk of getting a fatty liver. Fat accumulation in the liver connects with insulin resistance, which is the most common cause of type 2 diabetes. Risk factors for non-alcoholic fatty liver disease are:

  • Overweight or obese
  • Have type 2 diabetes and prediabetes
  • Lack of suitable body response to insulin
  • being middle-aged or older (although children can also get it)
  • High blood fats or high levels of bad fats (LDL) or low levels of good fats (HDL)
  • Malnutrition and rapid weight loss
  • Take certain drugs
  • Have been exposed to some toxins
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Pituitary insufficiency
  • Metabolic syndrome

What are the complications of fatty liver?

You should know that the liver of an infected person reacts to fat deposition and causes liver damage in a long time.  Hepatitis is a complication of fatty liver development that eventually progresses to cirrhosis of the liver. Hepatitis caused by fat destroys liver cells and has serious side effects for the patient. Continued alcohol consumption may lead to a more advanced form of liver disease, cirrhosis, or alcoholic hepatitis.

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What is the treatment for fatty liver disease?

If fatty liver diagnoses early, it can be treated or even prevented. Changing lifestyle and bad habits are the first step of treatments. Some methods that help prevent the progression of this disease are Weight loss, physical activity, and exercise, appropriate diet, and avoidance of fatty and high-calorie foods.

Considering, this disease is curable in the early stages, so having a healthy diet, exercising, and achieving a balanced weight and generally changing lifestyle is the best suggestion. Note that if the fatty liver turns into cirrhosis, the liver tissue will destroy, and in this case, the treatment is even more difficult.

The most important treatment is to eliminate the causes. People who consume alcohol, and it leads to fatty liver, should reduce their consumption or stop it completely. Overweight people need to reduce their weight by a professional diet and exercise daily. In this way, they can reduce the fat that leads to the disease. The most important key to solving the fatty liver is 10% weight loss. People with diabetes or hyperlipidemia should control their blood sugar and fat and getting the help of their doctors to improve this disease.

What foods are bad for a fatty liver?

  • Alcohol
  • Fried foods
  • Salt
  • Red meat
  • Added sugar
  • White bread, rice, and pasta.

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